History of Stomach Stapling

Stomach Stapling (Gastroplasty) is a method used for restrictive bariatric surgery. One of the procedures that uses stomach stapling is Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG). VBG is a combination of stomach stapling and banding and is meant to reduce the size of the stomach. As a result, people who underwent the procedure felt fuller and sated, resulting in a lesser food intake. As with any surgical procedure, there are several risks involved such as hernia, dumping syndrome, surgical site leakage, weight regaining and psychological effects.

Development of Stomach Stapling

The use of staples in surgery started during World War II. Doctors from more advanced countries used staples to attach tissues together. In 1968, Dr. Edward E. Mason performed the first gastric bypass aimed at treating obesity. Although gastric bypass is safer and more effective than intestinal bypass, there were still several complications that arose. Examples of these included internal leakage, lung collapse, acute gastric dilatation and blood clots. Most of his work since then has been aimed at improving surgery methods to eliminate these complications. In 1982, after several modifications, a new method was invented, called VBG. It has fewer complications compared to its predecessors and is an effective weight loss procedure.

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